Question 1: About how old are maple trees before they are ready to be tapped?
A) 20 years
B) 30 years
C) 40 years
Question 2: Choose the two ways that maple sap is collected to make syrup.
A) In buckets hanging from spouts.
B) With a knife and maple press.
C) Plastic tubing and vacuum pumps.
Question 1: More foods are made with this grain than any other cereal grain.
Question 2: Which state produces the most wheat?
Question 1: How many varieties of potatoes are grown in the United States?
Question 2: What percentage of the potato crop is turned into frozen fries?
Question 1: True or False - Pumpkin flowers are edible.
Question 2: True or False - Pumpkins are fruits.
Question 1: After dairy products, what is the most consumed food in the U.S.?
Question 2: Roughly how many new dairy products are introduced each year?
Question 1: Which animals are sometimes used to guard large herds from predators?
D) All of the above
Question 2: True or False - a cow is more valuable for its milk, cheese, butter, and yogurt than for its beef.
Question 1: True or False - produce from a farmers market is often more expensive than produce at a grocery store.
Question 2: For a produce to be labeled "organic," what is the minimum percentage of organic content it must include?
Question 1: Which of these countries are top apple producers around the world?
A) United States
D) All of the above
Question 2: Which of these is the largest yearly producer of eggs?
A) United States
Question 1: How many apples does it take to create one gallon of apple cider?
Question 2: True or False - Apples account for 30% of the international deciduous fruit tree produce.
Question 1: What was the weight of the largest apple ever picked?
A) 2.75 lbs
B) 3 lbs
C) 5.25 lbs
Question 2: Which of these apple varieties is native to North America?
A) McIntosh apple
B) Crab apple
C) Victory apple
Question 1: True or False - apples are a member of the rose family.
Question 2: Apple trees grow for how many years before producing their first fruit?
A) 2-3 years
B) 4-5 years
C) 8-10 years
Question 1: What was the highest price ever paid for a single truffle?
Question 2: True or False - there are more species of fungi on the planet than green plants?
Question 1: True or False - In 1995, potato plants were taken into space aboard the space shuttle Columbia. This marked the first time any food was grown in space.
Question 2: One medium potato contains what percent of the daily recommended amount of vitamin C?
Question 1: True or False - pears, like many fruits, ripen halfway on the tree and then are picked and sold.
Correct answer: pears are one of the few fruits that don't ripen on the tree. They are picked when they are mature, but not yet ripe.
Question 2: Which of these states is a top producer of pears in America?
Question 1: When does the U.S. typically harvest pears?
A) July - August
B) August - October
C) September - November
Question 2: How many varieties of pears are there?
Question 1: Which of these has the highest natural source of dietary fiber?
Question 2: Which two of these contain 90% or more water?
Question 1: In the 17th century, farmers in New York City built a wall to keep pigs from roaming. The street running along this wall was called:
A) 6th Avenue
C) Wall Street
Question 2: Which two peanut farmers have been elected President of the United States?
A) Thomas Jefferson
B) John Adams
C) Jimmy Carter
D) Bill Clinton
Question 1: A cow produces an average of _____ gallons of milk daily.
Question 2: True or False, the average American consumes 35 gallons of milk per year.
Correct answer: 25 gallons per year.
Question 1: True or False, eggs contain all the essential protein, minerals, and vitamins the human body needs.
Question 2: Eggs are porous, so up to how many pores can they have over their surface.
Question 1: Scientists believe the watermelon originated on which continent?
C) South America
Question 2: True or False: thumping the side of the fruit and listening to the sound it makes is the best way to tell if a fruit is ripe.
Correct way - sniff the produce as fruits tend to be the most fragrant when they are at their peak flavor.
Question 1: When is the best time to buy produce from a farmers market?
A) Early morning
C) Late in the day
Question 2: How should you clean fruits before eating them?
A) Spritz in a peroxide-water spray
B) Soak in soapy water
C) Wash under cool water
D) There is rarely a need to wash fruit
Question 1: Which of these provides the most concentrated source of potassium?
Question 2: What percentage of potato nutrition is found in the skin?
Question 1: How long has the oldest farmers market in the U.S., the Lancaster Central Market in Pennsylvania, been in operation?
A) 78 years
B) 172 years
C) 201 years
D) 255 years
Question 2: Which of these is a good reason to buy produce from a farmers market?
A) You are supporting a small business.
B) You know where your food is coming from.
C) Local produce is typically the freshest and tastiest available.
D) All of the above.
Question 1: What is the most consumed melon in the U.S.?
Question 2: What percent of watermelon is water?
Question 1: Of the produce in season at the market in June, which has the highest amount of calcium?
B) Green beans
D) Summer squash
Question 2: True or False - One cup of strawberries offers more vitamin C than an orange.
Question 1: True or False - Due to the scarcity of coffee beans during the Civil War, soybeans were used in their place to make coffee.
Question 2: Soybeans are used to produce which of the following:
A) Ink to print newspapers
D) All of the above
Question 1: What percentage of the world's food supply is affected by honey bee pollination?
Question 2: True or False - Without honey bees it would be easy to pollinate fruits and vegetables?
Question 1: Is a tomato a vegetable or a fruit?
Question 2: True or false - Lettuce is a member of the sunflower family.
Question 1: Today, the average U.S. farmer feeds _____ people, while in 1960 a farmer fed just 26 people.
Question 2: To keep up with projected worldwide population growth, more food will have to be produced in the next 50 years as the past ____ years combined.
Question 1: What percentage of total land area in the U.S. is farmland?
Question 2: Which of these is the largest farmers market in the U.S.?
A) Dane County Farmers' Market in Wisconsin
B) Santa Fe Farmers Market in New Mexico
C) Union Square Greenmarket in NYC